Is there a difference in quality between a drawn, casted or pressed candle?
There is no quality difference due to the production method, only related to the raw materials used.
What are candles dyed „through and through“?
Color was added to the liquid wax before the candle was made.
What should you pay attention to when lighting a candle?
Handle the wick with care, do not break it. Make sure that no foreign objects or debris (e.g. match tips) fall into the liquefying wax (wax pool).
Why do foreign objects and debris (e.g. match pieces, wick pieces, insects) have to be kept away from the wax pool?
Foreign objects soil the wax, which clogs the wick. The absorptive capacity of the wick might be reduced. Foreign objects can also catch fire and act as a second wick then. As a result his second flame may destroy the candle. This might especially be the case when the foreign matter is at the edge of the candle. The candle edge is breached and the candle keeps on running.
How long should a pillar candle burn so that it burns down evenly?
At least long enough to completely fill the melt pool with liquid wax. Otherwise the candle may form a funnel if it is burned too often for a too short period of time.
How can sooting and flickering be avoided?
a) sooting candles:
The wick is too long. Trim the wick in small increments until it no longer produces soot.
b) flickering candles:
Usually draft is the cause. However, the candle could also have a lack of oxygen (e.g. when pillar candles have a high edge and the flame is sunken). The edge should be trimmed.
When might candles possibly drip?
When the room is too warm or the candle is not placed straightly or is subjected to draft.
Why do candles of various colours sometimes drip more or less?
The colour pigment level might be too high so that the optimal absorptive capacity of the wick is limited. This can arise particularly with dark colours or fully dyed candles.
How can we stop the candle burning at a tilt and the liquid wax running out?
If a draught is pushing the flame to one side, either stop the draught or rotate the candle. Should the wick bend over to one side, however, gently straighten it when it is still warm.
Why do some candles burn with a very small flame?
Eventually, the chosen wick is too small or colour pigments clog up the wick.
Why should candle wicks curve to the side while burning?
To be able to burn without residue while the candle burns, the wick requires oxygen. And oxygen only reaches the tip of the wick, if the wick curves out of the flame.
Why is there often a left-over of pillar candles that doesn’t burn completely and thus can be regarded as loss?
Pillars are often not able to burn down completely because they have a hole for spikes at the bottom sometimes. As soon as the flame reaches the top of the hole, the wick loses its footing, topples over and the flame extinguishes.
What should be paid attention on when using flower arrangements, Christmas trees and chandeliers?
The candles should not be too close to each other because otherwise they heat up too quickly and start either to drip or to bend. Arranging candles one above the other might cause the top candle to burn irregularly as a result of heat rising from the candle below and it is inclined to bend. Candles are to be arranged on Christmas trees in a way that there is no combustible material (e.g. dry twigs) above them. A dry burning twig can quickly set the whole tree alight. To be on the safe side, you should always have a full bucket of water ready besides the tree. For flower arrangements, preferably candles of the same type and length should be used. Make sure there is no fire risk resulting from napkins and the like.
What should you be careful of when using tea lights in coffeepot or teapot warmers?
Air circulation must be good, i.e. there have to be ventilation holes in the teapot warmer and they must not be covered or closed. If the entire surface of a tea light starts to burn, it is usually the result of insufficient air circulation. In case of doubt, rather stop the further use of the warmer.
What should you pay heed to when using glass candlesticks?
Glass candlesticks in which the candles – particularly the conical ones – are completely burned could crack because of the heat. This can be avoided by extinguishing the candle before the flame reaches the upper edge of the candlestick nozzle. Or alternatively, you can use self-extinguishing candles (these candles extinguish before reaching the glass edge) or special aluminium sleeves for the base of household or tapered candles.
How far apart are burning candles to be placed?
10-15 cm would be a rule of thumb. However, pay attention to the individual heat emission which might have an effect on the next candle. Room temperature looms large, too.
Some wicks develop swellings that look like knots at the tip when burning. What’s the remedy here?
What we have here are carbon deposits, so called “mushrooms”, which should be removed with a pair of special wick scissors. After all, these carbon deposits may contaminate the liquid wax and thus impair proper candle burning.
Why do some candles simply go out?
A candle can go out on its own if the wick is not stable enough, tips over and drops into the liquid wax. It can also be caused by the wick clogging as a result of colour dyes or other impurities, when the wick has not sufficient suction and when no wax is being conveyed.
What should be done when the wick still glows strongly once the candle has been put out?
It is quite natural for the wick to glow a little afterwards. If it really glows strongly, you can dip the wick into the liquid wax and put it in an upright position then.
What is the best way to extinguish a candle?
If the candle diameter allows it, the wick should be dipped into the liquid wax with a pair of scissors or another metal object, and immediately straightened again. This prevents the wick from continuing to glow, provides it with wax for being lit again and protects it from breakage when it is cooled down. You can also extinguish the flame with a candle snuffer.
Never blow out a candle.
How can you remove wax spots, especially colored ones, from clothing?
Lay 1 or 2 sheets of blotting paper on the wax spot and iron over it with a hot iron (without applying steam). Repeat this as often as necessary until the wax is absorbed. If color spots remain, have them removed by professional cleaning.
Sometimes, even coldness works. Put some ice on the wax or place it in the fridge. The low temperature makes the wax brittle and it can then be carefully removed. Candle holders or, for instance, glass containers can be placed in hot water to dissolve the wax.
Why do some candles splatter or crackle?
This is a sign that the wick has taken in moisture. Changed air humidity can cause this, especially when a candle is kept outside overnight.
Can candles be kept forever?
Candles generally can be kept for an unlimited period as long as they are properly stored. Always place long candles (taper candles, household candles, thin pillar candles etc.) flat when storing! Otherwise the effect of warmth can deform them.
High fat-content candles can give rise to the packaging (plastic film, paper, cardboard) becoming discoloured or soft. But this is of no significance at all for the candle itself.
Lighting a new candle
Place the wick upright when lighting a new candle.
Why do grave yard lights not burn as well during the hottest part of the summer or when it is extremely cold?
Grave candles are generally produced for a certain average temperature. They are therefore not always able to cope with extremely low or high temperatures, which is why they may burn inconsistently.
Why do grave yard lights in a lantern sometimes go out by themselves?
The probable reason is that the grave yard light does not get enough oxygen. The other possibility is a disproportion of the sizes of grave yard light and lantern (too big candle in a too small lantern).
Can you be sure that a candle is really produced on the basis of 100 % beeswax when you read such an inscription?
Yes, because the manufacturer guarantees the correct labeling of the candle.
Why do candles made of 100 % beeswax sometimes have a grayish-white layer on the surface?
It is a matter of the specific characteristics of beeswax that a specific gray mold can be formed on the surface after a certain storage time. You can regards this layer as an evidence for the authenticity of the material.
How can conical candles be stabilised in a non-fitting holder?
Candle is too thin:
a) fix an adhesive wax slice at the bottom of the candle and press it in the candle holder
b) pour some liquid wax of a burning candle on the bottom of the holder and fix the candle on it
Candle is too thick:
a) scrape off some wax from the bottom of the candle
b) put the cone of the candle in warm water and form it by hand so that it matches with the holder